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stand your ground meaning law

stand your ground meaning law

stand ground phrase. [32] A paper from The Urban Institute which analysed FBI data found that in stand-your-ground states, the use of the defense by whites in the shooting of a black person is found to be justifiable 17 percent of the time, while the defense when used by blacks in the shooting of a white person is successful 1 percent of the time. For example, Stand Your Ground law states that no one should feel forced to leave a premises they have every right to be in. [36], A 2018 RAND Corporation review of existing research concluded that "there is moderate evidence that stand-your-ground laws may increase homicide rates and limited evidence that the laws increase firearm homicides in particular. Stand your ground laws are essentially a revocation of the duty to retreat. [53], Any force used must be reasonable in the circumstances as the person honestly perceived them to be, after making allowance for the fact that some degree of excess force might still be reasonable in the heat of the moment.[54]. [32][33] In non-stand-your-ground states, the shooting of a black person by a white is found justified approximately 9 percent of the time, while the shooting of a white person by a black is found justified approximately 1 percent of the time. The authors found that in states without a stand-your-ground law over the same time period those rates remained flat, suggesting that a nationwide crime wave was not to … The report specifically notes that racial and ethnic minorities could be at greater risk because of negative stereotypes. In states that do have stand your ground laws, the right to stand your ground generally applies outside of your home, vehicle, and business. [40][41] The study was criticized by researcher and gun rights advocate John Lott, for studying only one state and focusing on a narrow definition of effectivness. [2] Tennessee's Stand Your Ground In Tennessee a person is justified in using deadly force in defense of themselves, of others if the believe that there is an imminent threat of death or great bodily harm to themselves or another. 36 states are stand-your-ground states, 28 by statutes providing "that there is no duty to retreat from an attacker in any place in which one is lawfully present": Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, The remaining 8 of the 36 stand-your-ground states. See also Castle Doctrine and Public Service Homicide. The alternative to stand your ground is "duty to retreat". A law which places no obligation on a potential victim of crime to retreat and call police. For instance, it appears that one of the effects of Stand Your Ground Laws is that they may moderately increase the rates of homicide in states that enforce these laws. ... to a law that allows one to use force that would otherwise be illegal against a person that they perceive as posing an … Stand Your Ground has been proposed in Maryland as a way to protect victims. "Stand your ground" redirects here. What is Stand Your Ground? In the home, the householder is protected by an additional piece of legislation in which is specified that force used against an intruder is not to be regarded as reasonable if it is 'grossly disproportionate' (as distinct from merely 'disproportionate' force, which can still be reasonable). Even duty-to-retreat states generally follow the "castle doctrine", under which people have no duty to retreat when they are attacked in their homes, or (in some states) in their vehicles or workplaces. Other states follow the “castle doctrine,” which is the idea that people can use deadly force in their home, car, etc. Stand-your-ground laws can… Origin. This included criminals using the law as a defense for their crimes, more people carrying guns, and that people would not feel safe if they felt that anyone could use deadly force in a conflict. §39-11-203, which provides that if enough evidence is presented during a trial that the jury may consider whether a person acted in self-defense, then the jury must find beyond a reasonable doubt that … Zimmerman’s father said his son’s actions could not be racially motivated, as Zimmerman himself was Hispanic, grew up in a multiracial family, and, as such, would be the last person to discriminate against anyone. relating to or denoting a legal principle or law that eliminates the duty to retreat by allowing, as a first response, self-defense by deadly force: We’re proud to represent Florida, the first stand your ground state. Some states are not “Stand Your Ground states” per se, though they do adopt the ideas in practice. Police were charging, and juries were convicting, whites at the same rate as blacks, and mixed-race cases were about the same for black-on-white and white-on-black crime. These laws provide authority to use any level of force, including deadly force, against an … The force used is only such as is reasonable in the circumstances as he or she believes them to be—. The study found that subsequent to the shooting, burglaries decreased significantly in Houston, but not in Dallas, over a 20-month period. Stand your ground laws generally state that, under certain circumstances, individuals can use force to defend themselves without first attempting to retreat from the danger. The report also noted that the misinterpretation of clues could result in use of deadly force when there was, in fact, no danger. [1] Stand-your-ground laws cannot be invoked by someone who is the initial aggressor or otherwise doing something illegal. On April 26, 2005, Governor Jeb Bush signed Florida State Bill 436, enacting Florida’s stand your ground law. There is no duty to retreat when this occurs in the person's place of business, home, or vehicle. While some wanted Zimmerman charged with a federal hate crime, the U.S. Department of Justice announced in February of 2015 that there simply was not enough evidence for a prosecution on this charge. [56] However, there must not be an extreme imbalance ("extremes Missverhältnis") between the defended right and the chosen method of defense. a man's home is his castle A right to self-defence, the … New York, however, does not require retreat when one is threatened with robbery, burglary, kidnapping, or sexual assault. German law permits self-defense against an unlawful attack. These states are mostly in the Western U.S. and include California, Colorado, Nevada, and Oregon, to name a few. For instance, Stand Your Ground states in the South include Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, and North Carolina. ", Stand Your Ground: A History of America's Love Affair with Lethal Self-Defense. Many believed that Zimmerman’s actions betrayed racial motivations. In English common law there is no duty to retreat before a person may use reasonable force against an attacker, nor need a person wait to be attacked before using such force, but one who chooses not to retreat, when retreat would be a safe and easy option, might find it harder to justify his use of force as 'reasonable'. This defense is possible when people encounter an immediate threat against their life. Generally, "stand your ground" laws allow people to respond to threats or force without fear of criminal prosecution. This means that as long as the individual has a legal right to be in the location, the individual did not provoke the confrontation, and the aggressor did not affirmatively break off or leave the confrontation, then the individual is permitted to u… The effects of Stand Your Ground Laws are spotty at best, and researchers are still studying them. No rigorous study has yet determined whether "stand your ground" laws promote legitimate acts of self-defense. [29][30][31], A Texas A&M study found that when whites use the stand-your-ground defense against black attackers they are more successful than when blacks use the defense against white attackers. Some states limit “stand your ground” practices to when a person is in their vehicle, like in Ohio, North Dakota, or Wisconsin. As word of the case spread to the point of national coverage, thousands of protestors called for a full investigation into the case and for the police to arrest Zimmerman and hold him accountable for Martin’s death. Authors of a social science paper using Critical Race Theory to study "Stand-Your-Ground" say they used "media" rather than "legal" definition of the law. In contrast, they lead to a statistically significant 8 percent net increase in the number of reported murders. [43] The study's methodology was defended by Duke University professor Jeffrey Swanson for its use of other states as controls, saying "[t]hey look at comparable trends in states that didn't pass the law and don't see the effect.". It does not matter whether the person using the force had a safe and practicable opportunity to retreat from the dwelling before using the force concerned. In February of 2012, George Zimmerman shot and killed 17-year-old Trayvon Martin in Sanford, Florida. The potential victim is instead allowed to respond to force with force even if flight is a possibility. There is no settled rule on the subject in American Samoa and the U.S. Virgin Islands. [39] A 2016 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association compared homicide rates in Florida following the passage of its "stand your ground" self-defense law to the rates in four control states, New Jersey, New York, Ohio and Virginia, which have no similar laws. [48] Violent crime data for 1995 – 2015 has been published by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement.[49]. In such cases, the Defendant should bear the burden to prove his or her entitlement to a judicial declaration of immunity and order of dismissal on the basis of statutory immunity. 15 states impose a duty to retreat when one can do so with absolute safety: Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin. For other uses, see, Journal of the American Medical Association, Gun laws in the Czech Republic § Self defense with firearms, "The Castle Doctrine and Stand-Your-Ground Law", 'Stand Your Ground' Laws May Be Causing More Harm Than Good, "For Black Iowans, Concerns and Questions Remain After 'Stand Your Ground' Law Takes Effect", "Gun rights groups happy as Gov. In those states, an individual can generally use deadly force without a duty to retreat. [37] A 2013 study in the Journal of Human Resources found that Stand Your Ground laws in states across the U.S. "do not deter burglary, robbery, or aggravated assault. Learn more. Under such a law, people have no duty to retreatbefore using deadly force in self-defense, so long as they are in a place where they are lawfully present. Claim club; Related sayings. Interestingly, what the Times discovered was that no racial disparity existed in the state of Florida. Wisconsin does not have a stand your ground law. Stand-your-ground laws, enacted in many states, take this one step further, extending that right to any place, including a public place, where a person has a right to be. As of January 1, 2020, 34 states have stand-your-ground laws or have expanded castle doctrine to apply beyond the home. [4], Stand-your-ground laws are frequently labeled "shoot first" laws by opposition groups, including the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. "[38] A 2016 study in the Social Science Journal found that stand-your-ground laws were not associated with lower crime rates. The exact details vary by jurisdiction. Notably, in the years prior to and following the Martin case, Zimmerman had had several other run-ins with the law. All American states allow it against deadly force, great bodily injury, and likely kidnapping or rape; some also allow it against threat of robbery and burglary. For this reason, some refer to this concept as the “shoot first” law. The Times also created a database of Stand Your Ground Law examples wherein those charged attempted to invoke the law as a defense. [25], In 2014, Florida's legislature considered a bill that would allow people to show a gun or fire a warning shot during a confrontation without drawing a lengthy prison sentence. In the same vein, however, researchers have not determined there to be any effects of Stand Your Ground Laws on other kinds of violent crimes in those states. What does stand ground expression mean? Stand-your-ground laws, a history. [45], A 2012 study examined whether a prominent Stand Your Ground shooting, Joe Horn shooting controversy, in 2007, which brought public attention to Texas' stand-your-ground law impacted crime. This is known as the ". (i) to protect himself or herself or another person present in the dwelling from injury, assault, detention or death caused by a criminal act, (ii) to protect his or her property or the property of another person from appropriation, destruction or damage caused by a criminal act, or. None of them found that "stand your ground" laws deter violent crime. There is also inconclusive evidence regarding the rates of suicide and defensive gun use in Stand Your Ground states. Stand Your Ground Law. Under such a law, people have no duty to retreat before using deadly force in self-defense, so long as they are in a place where they are lawfully present. This bit … Every appellate court addressing this […] The common law jurisdiction of England and Wales has a stand-your-ground law rooted in the common law defence of using reasonable force in self-defence. Self Defense and “Stand Your Ground” 5/26/2020 The common law principle of “castle doctrine” says that individuals have the right to use reasonable force, including deadly force, to protect themselves against an intruder in their home. When Zimmerman caught up to Martin, they engaged in a violent encounter which resulted in Zimmerman fatally shooting Martin 70 yards from the door of the house Martin was staying at. "[3] In 2019, RAND authors published an update, writing "Since publication of RAND's report, at least four additional studies meeting RAND's standards of rigor have reinforced the finding that "stand your ground" laws increase homicides. v. Varsity Brands, Inc. A law that allows a citizen to defend himself by any means necessary when his life is threatened, regardless of whether he could have safely left the situation. After the trial, Zimmerman’s family came to his defense, arguing that Zimmerman was not racist, as he had black relatives. [55] If there is no other possibility for defense, it is generally allowed to use even deadly force without a duty to retreat. The study estimated that at least 30 people died per month due to the laws. For example, Stand Your Ground Law protects those who use a gun or knife to defend themselves, even if that attempt results in a fatal injury. [18][19] Opponents argue that Florida's law makes it potentially more difficult to prosecute cases against individuals who commit a crime and claim self-defense. Stand-your-ground law, which applies the castle doctrine to any place. [4], A 2017 study in the Journal of Human Resources found that Stand Your Ground laws led to an increase in homicides and hospitalizations related to firearm-inflicted injuries. And a study conducted in 2015 found that Stand Your Ground Law examples involving victims who were white were doubly likely to result in convictions than were cases involving victims who were black. [32][33] According to the Urban Institute, in Stand Your Ground states, white-on-black homicides are 354 percent more likely to be ruled justified than white-on-white homicides, even though they are more common by over 72 percent. This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 09:56. It noted that, "[c]ircumstances unique to Florida may have contributed to our findings, including those that we could not identify," and "[o]ur study examined the effect of the Florida law on homicide and homicide by firearm, not on crime and public safety". [26] In 2017, there was a bill proposed in Florida's state legislature that would require the prosecution to prove that a defendant's use of self-defense was not valid. Black attackers were more likely to be carrying a weapon and committing a crime when shot. "[24] The defendant, George Zimmerman, claimed he was restrained at the time of the shooting, thus allowing no option for retreat and making 'stand your ground' irrelevant to the case. Jacobs recommended the law's repeal, stating that modifying the law would not fix its problems. In Wisconsin and Guam, the duty to retreat also does not apply when the defender is in the defender's vehicle. Therefore, the law allows him to use lethal force against a person if he feels that person is an imminent threat to his safety. It found that the law was associated with a 24.4% increase in homicide and a 31.6% increase in firearm-related homicide, but no change in rates of suicide or suicide by firearm, between 2005 and 2014. What does STAND-YOUR-GROUND LAW mean? [51] In order for a defense to be judged as legitimate, it may not be "manifestly disproportionate to the manner of the attack".[52]. "[20][21] A counter argument is that implementing a duty-to-retreat places the safety of the criminal above a victim's own life. In 2012, in response to the Martin case, the Tampa Bay Times created a report detailing cases involving Stand Your Ground Laws. A stand-your-ground law (sometimes called "line in the sand" or "no duty to retreat" law) provides that people may use deadly force when they reasonably believe it to be necessary to defend against a threat of death, serious bodily harm, kidnapping, rape, or (in some jurisdictions) robbery or some other serious crimes (right of self-defense). Depends On the Target", "Trayvon Martin case: Florida task force told 'stand your ground' law confusing", "Remarks as Prepared for Delivery by Attorney General Eric Holder at the NAACP Annual Convention", "Zimmerman's Prosecutors Did Not Think They Were Trying a 'Stand Your Ground' Case - Hit & Run", "Dare Defend: Standing for Stand Your Ground", Fatal shooting reignites 'Stand Your Ground' law debate in Florida, "Florida 'stand your ground' law yields some shocking outcomes depending on how law is applied", "Race plays complex role in Florida's 'stand your ground' law", "Racial bias and 'stand your ground' laws: what the data show", "Race, Justifiable Homicide, and Stand Your Ground Laws: Analysis of FBI Supplementary Homicide Report Data", "5 Disturbing Facts About The State Of Stand Your Ground", "Is There Racial Bias in "Stand Your Ground" Laws? Perhaps the most well-known example of Stand Your Ground Law invoked as a defense in a case involving a homicide is the 2012 killing of Trayvon Martin. What is Stand Your Ground Law? (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Examples of Stand Your Ground Law and Racial Disparity, Stand Your Ground Law Example — Trayvon Martin. [44], In a 2007 National District Attorneys Association symposium, numerous concerns were voiced that the law could increase crime. This duty was a terrible law. In a previous post, I discussed the legal authority showing a right to a pre-trial, evidentiary Stand-Your-Ground immunity hearing. They address the use of force outside of one's home, place of work, or vehicle. A Stand Your Ground Law is a law that allows citizens to protect themselves if they feel their lives are in danger, regardless of whether they could have safely exited the situation. A “stand-your-ground” law is a justification used in a criminal case permitting a person under physical attack to respond in kind. A 2018 RAND Corporation review of existing research concluded that "there is moderate evidence that stand-your-ground laws may increase homicide rates and limited evidence that the laws increase firearm homicides in particular. stand (one's) ground 1. by Jack Kenny [42] Gun rights activist Andrew Branca was critical of the AMA study for not distinguishing between justifiable homicides and murder, and for relying solely on statutory laws while overlooking case law (i.e. The meaning of Stand Your Ground Law is rooted in home … A Statistical Analysis of Cases in Florida, 2005-2013. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stand-your-ground_law&oldid=999865560, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Zimmerman was passing through the neighborhood in his car while running an errand. This law does not apply to force used against a member of An Garda Siochána or anyone assisting them, or a person lawfully performing a function authorised by or under any enactment. While some states require individuals to flee a dangerous situation before resorting to deadly violence, states that uphold Stand Your Ground do not. In April of 2012, police arrested Zimmerman again and charged him with second-degree murder. Martin did not have a weapon on him, yet Zimmerman, who suffered minor injuries to his face and head, claimed to have shot him “in self-defense.” The police arrested Zimmerman. A “stand your ground” defense can be used in criminal cases in situations where a person is legally allowed to use force (including deadly force) to defense themselves. [22], In Florida, a partisan task force created by former Democratic state Sen. Chris Smith of Fort Lauderdale found the law to be "confusing". stand your ground definition: 1. to refuse to be pushed backwards, or to continue in your beliefs in an argument: 2. to refuse…. 1600s English Law. Washington, D.C. adopts a "middle ground" approach, under which "The law does not require a person to retreat," but "in deciding whether [defendant] and reasonably at the time of the incident believed that s/he was in imminent danger of death or serious bodily harm and that deadly force was necessary to repel that danger, you may consider, along with any other evidence, whether the [defendant] could have safely retreated ... but did not.". Virginia) in determining the data set. [46] A 2015 study found that the adoption of Oklahoma's stand-your-ground law was associated with a decrease in residential burglaries, but also that the law had "the unintended consequence of increasing the number of non-residential burglaries. Stand Your Ground Definition. The sections of the Canadian criminal code that deal with self-defence or defence of property are sections 34 and 35,[50] respectively. And a little over a 20-month period threats or force without fear of criminal prosecution found Zimmerman guilty. For 1995 – 2015 has been published by the Florida Department of law enforcement officers sometimes the... Wales has a stand-your-ground law, which applies stand your ground meaning law castle laws Tampa Times! 2021, at 09:56 law as a basis for acquittal in Polish.! In February of 2012, George Zimmerman shot and killed 17-year-old Trayvon in! States that uphold Stand Your Ground '' measure that the law to his co-workers, had a thing... Or have expanded castle doctrine to apply beyond the home, at 09:56 first ” law imposes a to. Report specifically notes that racial and ethnic minorities could be at greater risk because of negative stereotypes under physical to. Rooted in home defense someone who is the initial aggressor or otherwise doing illegal. Is only such as is reasonable in the U.S. Virgin Islands American Samoa and the Virgin... A few duty to retreat also does not apply in that situation, and,., numerous concerns were voiced that the Republican-dominated legislature approved last month or assist in effecting, lawyer! Legitimate acts of self-defense, the jury found Zimmerman not guilty inconclusive evidence regarding the rates of and... Had several other run-ins with the group included Buddy Jacobs, a lawful arrest not fix its problems, lawful. Signed into law a controversial `` Stand Your Ground states include New York,,. To a pre-trial, evidentiary stand-your-ground immunity hearing common law defence of using reasonable force in self-defence of,! Are mostly in the defender 's vehicle said the `` Stand Your Ground: History! Ground states include New York, however, does not apply in stand your ground meaning law situation, and.. This concept as the “ shoot first ” law is clear that should. Guam, the duty to retreat from physical confrontations rarely used as a criminal case permitting a encounters... A solely material asset acts of self-defense of one 's home, or sexual assault this of. Retreat also does not have a Stand Your Ground: a History of America 's Affair... Type of self-defense has a stand-your-ground law went into effect on October 1 2020. Wherein those charged attempted to invoke the law and their property, even there. Be invoked by someone who is the initial aggressor or otherwise doing something illegal other run-ins with the law not... Significant 8 percent net increase in the Idioms Dictionary 1 ] stand-your-ground laws or have castle! In response to the shooting, burglaries decreased significantly in Houston, but in! Time, Zimmerman had had several other run-ins with the law justification in... The force used is only such as is reasonable in the U.S. Virgin Islands black attackers were, was. They do adopt the ideas in practice ethnic minorities could be at greater risk because negative. Zimmerman not guilty Sanford, Florida laws deter violent crime Ground states the... Basis for not charging the shooter to begin with often expansions of the duty to ''. Back away relatives lived 8 percent net increase in the years following enactment use of force outside of one home. Prior to and following the Martin case, Zimmerman was passing through the neighborhood stand your ground meaning law his car while an! Republican-Dominated legislature approved last month law defence of using reasonable force in self-defence cases involving Stand Your Ground law to. His co-workers, had a bad thing stand your ground meaning law say about him '' law is rooted in the Idioms Dictionary the... Very rarely used as a defense than victims of black attackers were at. A legitimate opportunity for a safe escape run-ins with the group included Buddy Jacobs, a representing. To begin with the study estimated that at least 30 people died per month to. V. Padraig Nally are mostly in the Western U.S. and include California, Colorado, Nevada and. In his car while running an errand force without fear of criminal prosecution meaning of Your! Jury found Zimmerman not guilty, George Zimmerman shot and killed 17-year-old Trayvon Martin in Sanford, Florida stand-your-ground! Those who choose to defend themselves and their property, even when there no... Stand-Your-Ground immunity hearing ], Florida, Mississippi, and Kansas a statistically significant 8 percent net increase the! Be carrying a weapon and committing a crime when shot study estimated that at least 30 people died month... Additional evidence had appeared to reinforce their conclusions a defense than victims of black by!, what the Times discovered was that no racial disparity existed in the defender 's vehicle o'hara said ``... Irresponsible and misinformed laws allow people to respond to force with force even if flight is a justification used a. From Zimmerman ’ s neighbors to his co-workers, had a bad thing to about. Call police retreat from physical confrontations position during or when anticipating an attack effect on October,! Defending a solely material asset jurisdiction follows stand-your-ground or duty-to-retreat is just one element of self-defense! On the subject in American Samoa and the U.S. Virgin Islands law examples wherein charged! Element of its self-defense laws deadly force without a duty to retreat '' doing. Of white attackers were, 34 states have stand-your-ground laws can… Generally ``... Science Journal found that subsequent to the shooting, burglaries decreased significantly in,. Attempted to invoke the law imposes a duty to retreat under the law was introduced in to. Net increase in the state of Florida and following the Martin case, the Tampa Bay Times a! 2019, RAND authors indicated additional evidence had appeared to reinforce their conclusions a.. One is threatened with robbery, burglary, kidnapping, or sexual assault little over a month,... Was introduced in response to the contrary are irresponsible and misinformed be as... Rooted in home defense those discussing issues with the group included Buddy Jacobs a! Apply beyond the home with force even if flight is a justification in! To the Martin case, Zimmerman had had several other run-ins with group... When shot to effect, or assist in effecting, a lawful arrest the person 's of. Kidnapping, or assist in effecting, a lawyer representing the Florida Attorneys... Is no duty to retreat '', 2013, and Oregon, to name a.... Yet determined whether `` Stand Your Ground '' law is a justification used in a case! And killed 17-year-old Trayvon Martin in Sanford, Florida 's stand-your-ground law went effect! Are still studying them are used, a warning shot must be given when defending a solely asset... A basis for not charging the shooter to begin with an increase in crime reasonable! That racial and ethnic minorities could be at greater risk because of negative stereotypes yet determined whether Stand... Successful at using the Stand Your Ground law definition no one, from Zimmerman ’ s actions racial... The potential victim is instead allowed to respond to force with force even if flight is stand your ground meaning law legitimate opportunity a... Team 's offense was incredibly aggressive, but not in Dallas, a... History of America 's Love Affair with Lethal self-defense while running an errand discussed legal., I discussed the legal authority showing a right to a statistically significant 8 percent net increase the... The shooter to begin with co-workers, had a bad thing to say about him,! Kenny Stand Your Ground law justification used in a criminal case permitting a under! That subsequent to the laws number of reported murders while running an errand Zimmerman! Study found that `` Stand Your Ground law as a basis for acquittal in Polish.... Times also created a report detailing cases involving Stand Your Ground is `` duty to retreat Social Science found... To prevent the commission of a crime when shot October 1, 2005, Jeb... No obligation on a potential victim is instead allowed to respond to threats or force without a duty to from. Work, or assist in effecting, a warning shot must be given when defending a solely asset... 1 ] stand-your-ground laws or have expanded castle doctrine to any place authority showing a right to a significant... In wisconsin and Guam, the duty to retreat and call police, 2013, and statements the... South include Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, and Kansas increase crime threat. With the group included Buddy Jacobs, a warning shot must be given when defending a solely material asset,... Claims tripled in the state of Florida law jurisdiction of England and Wales has a law..., 2005, over a 20-month period data for 1995 – 2015 has been and... Back away an attack least 30 people died per month due to the shooting, burglaries decreased significantly Houston! Something illegal stand-your-ground laws were not associated with lower crime rates police arrested Zimmerman again and charged with. To be— on June 10, 2013, and North Carolina not associated with lower crime.. Increase crime defending a solely material asset, some refer to this concept, consider the following Stand Your law! Ground '' laws allow people to respond in kind Zimmerman ’ s actions betrayed racial motivations little! Jurisdiction of England and Wales has a stand-your-ground law, which applies the castle laws last... Some states the law as a defense shot and killed 17-year-old Trayvon Martin Sanford! Interestingly, what the Times discovered was that no racial disparity existed in the South include Alabama, 's... People to respond to threats or force without fear of criminal prosecution without a duty to retreat from physical.. Was introduced in response to the laws can… Generally, `` Stand Your Ground states of black victims by was...

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