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karakul sheep origin

karakul sheep origin

See more. Sheep.framing. Today the breed is a multi-purpose animal, and raised for many different purposes. Since the 1960s, Karakul pelts from Namibia are known as swakara (trade mark) (South West African Karakul) and are marketed as such internationally. Ewes weighed 45-60 kg and were 65-70 cm tall. In the USA, Karakul sheep appear to be larger with weights of 80-100 kg for rams and 50-70 kg for ewes, whereas they are smaller in Turkey with ewe weights of 38-42 kg. The name Karakul came from a city whose name means “black lake”. Copyright © 1994-2018 Seradria. In Romania, the Karakul was imported in the 19th century and re-named Romanian Karakul. It is raised in Namibia in large numbers, having first been brought there by German colonists in the early twentieth century. noun. Karakul definition: a breed of sheep of central Asia having coarse black, grey , or brown hair: the lambs... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Origins. A karakul (or qaraqul) hat (Dari / Persian: قراقلی), also called a Jinnah cap in Pakistan , is a hat made from the fur of the Qaraqul breed of sheep. Origin of Karakul Sheep Distinguishing Sheep from Sheep Buchara Karakul Karakul in Afghanistan Import of Karakul to Germany 100 Years of Karakul Farming in Germany Stock Farming in SWA The Black-headed Persian Afrikaner sheep South West Africa Placed under German Protection Stock Farming in German SWA 1906-1907 The Import of Karakul Sheep to SWA - 1907 The Swakara subpopulations were derived from Karakul sheep and bred and developed for pelt production, for which they are predominantly farmed in the Southern parts of Africa . This has been the justification used to classify the American Karakul as a separate breed and is mentioned in the same Encyclopedia. Nov 3, 2013 - Your resource for topics related to country living, land management, wildlife, gardening, livestock or pets, skills and techniques, seasonal food, community, machinery or … Also known by some other names such as Qaraqul, Karagül (Turkey), Karakul’skaya (Russian), Astrakhan and Bukhara. Learn how your comment data is processed. Between 1908 and 1929, the Karakul sheep were first introduced to the United States. Originally from the steppes of Turkistan, this broad tailed sheep gradually spread to other regions of Central Asia. The division of the Karakul into separate national breeds begs the question whether these populations have diverged sufficiently to warrant separation. Ram Lamb: Chestnut Brown. According some archaeological evidence, this breed is being raised there continuously since 1400 BC. The Karakul (or Qaraqul) sheep was once deemed Namibia's 'black diamond'. All rights reserved. The Karakul sheep is a wool-producing breed as well! There are stored fat in their large tail, which is a source of nourishment and similar in function to the camel’s hump. We found 2 answers for “Karakul” . Karakul sheep came to the U.S. in four importations between 1908 and 1929, a Besides their good quality meat, the Karakul is also considered a wool sheep still raised for the pelts of new-born lambs. And there has been an increased interest in these animals, with a growing interest in the fiber arts in the United States. Karakul, sheep breed of central or west Asian origin, raised chiefly for the skins of very young lambs, which are covered with glossy, tightly curled black coats and are called Persian lamb in the fur trade. SWA (now Namibia) became amajor Karakul-producing country after World War I, with the USSR heavily involved in pel tmark eing a h sam time. meat.wool.milk. The Karakul sheep are multi-purpose animals. Qaraqul means Black fur in Turkic, similar types of hats are common among Turkic peoples. But they were valued for their wool previously. In fact, there are many local varieties of alternative names including “Persian lamb”, for example. They are kept for meat, milk, wool and hides. And carvings of a distinct Karakul type have been found on ancient Babylonian temples. The Karakul sheep actually breed out of season, and they are able to produce 3 lamb in 2 years. And average live body weight of the mature ewes vary from 45 to 68 kg. The Blackhead Persian are fat tailed sheep that were imported into South Africa from Somalia in 1870 and are currently farmed by smallholder farmers primarily for meat. Mature ewes body weight vary from 45 to 68 kg. a Karakul lambskin. We next sought to estimate the average proportion of the domestic sheep genome that may have a wild sheep origin using PCAdmix with PP (posterior probabilities) ≥0.95. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltraine Karak ụ l abflussloser See im nördl. A Karakul (Qaraqul) hat (Persian) is a hat made from the fur of the Qaraqul breed of sheep. The Karakul may be the oldest breed of domesticated sheep. The triangular hat is part of the costume of the Tajiks native people of Kabul which has been worn by many generations of men in Afghanistan. Mission. EXOTIC SHEEP KARAKUL Synonyms. 0. According some archaeological evidence, this breed is being raised there continuously since 1400 BC. The Karakul sheep is a multi-purpose breed of domestic sheep originated from Central Asia. Any of a breed of medium-sized sheep native to central Asia, having long, drooping ears, long legs, and a broad, fat tail. October 2019 – Deborah Hunter, Karakul Shepherds Alliance Founder and Registrar, presented at TLC (The Livestock Conservancy) Annual Conference in Santa Rosa, California. 1 talking about this. The article describes the origin of the Karakul sheep, as well as information on the creation in Kazakhstan of a new Kazakh astrakhan-fat-tail sheep of astrakhan-meat-greasy productivity. Very hardy and strong animals, able to thrive under adverse conditions, resistant to internal parasites and foot rot disease, excellent foragers, and withstand extremes of either cold or hot, they actually bred out of season, able to produce 3 lambs in 2 years, the ewes are very attentive and protective mothers, high lamb survival rate, they posses a strong flocking instinct, used for meat, milk, wool and hides. Although known as the "fur" sheep, the Karakul provided more than the beautifully patterned silky pelts of the young lambs. KARAKUL SHEEP Maurice Shelton Professor Emeritus Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Texas A&M University System san Angelo, TX 76901 U.S.A. It got its name from the village of Karakul in West Wool from a karakul sheep, used for carpet yarn and felting. Karakuls were imported to southern African in 1907 from Germany to where they had first been introduced The Karakul sheep are medium-sized animals. The Karakul sheep has also been exported to many countries in order to establish national populations. Rarebreeds. Early breeders tweaked the sheep breed’s genetic, so the Karakul has been used in the development of new breeds or types such as the Large Karakul, Multifoetal Karakul, American, Chinese or German Karakul etc. 0. Karakul definition, one of an Asian breed of sheep having curly fleece that is black in the young and brown or gray in the adult: raised especially for lambskins used in the fur industry. This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation The sheep are active grazers and browsers and have long lop ears. They usually stand tall, with a long and narrow body. Origin or the breed Allegedly the Karakul (sometimes spelled Karakule) originated in Bok_hara in Russian Turkestan (Young, 1914). They are resistant to internal parasites and foot rot disease. BREEDING KARAKUL SHEEP: Industry Only Six Years Old in the United States, but Attracting Much Interest—Difficulties of Securing Stock—Six Classes of Karakul Recognized in Asia, All Owing Their Origin and Color to the Small, Black Danadar, Now Almost Extinct. Karakul ewes are not prolific, generally being seasonal breeders and producing a single lamb, but they have strong maternal instincts. This page shows answers to the clue Karakul, followed by 2 definitions like “Astrakhan, esp. They differ radically in conformation from many other sheep breeds, and they are of the fat broad tailed type of sheep. and carvings of a distinct Karakul type have been found on ancient Babylonian temples. Read more information about this breed below. The Karakul sheep was a perfect solution for turning arid sandy and rocky wastes into productive land, because it could be raised profitably in an inhospitable environment. Photo and info from ansi.okstate.edu and Wikipedia. Pelt producing sheep probably originated in the Near East (Syria, Jordan and western Mesopotamia). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. And carvings of a distinct Karakul type have been found on ancient Babylonian temples. 0. The Karakul is one of the most well-known sheep breeds in the world and highly appreciated by breeders with a tradition in livestock and sheep meat consumption, as well as in the fashion industry. Head of the Karakul sheep is long and narrow, and slightly indented between the eyes and often exhibiting a Roman type nose. in fine grades”, “Sheep breed of central or west Asian origin” and “(sometimes l.c.) These animals are easily characterized by their colored fleece, which is due to a dominate black gene. in the early 20th century Karakul sheep were imported to Germany, and from there to the German colony of South West Af-rica. Rarebreeds. Besides their good quality meat, the Karakul is also considered a wool sheep still raised for the pelts of new-born lambs. noun. According to Mason’s World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding, it was introduced to Turkey in 1929 with a group of 16 rams and 20 ewes from Russia, but a large flock of Karakul had been established in Central Anatolia by 1950 as a result of grading-up from some native breeds with Karakul rams. Today the Karakul sheep are raised as a multi-purpose animal. Sheep.framing. This website uses cookies: By continuing to browse this site you accept this, Romanian Livestock Sheep and Lambs for Sale, Karakul Sheep – Origin and Characteristics, Lamb Meat Nutrition – Facts and Health Benefits. See more. The hat is peaked, and folds flat when taken off of the wearer's head. Ancient Origins of Karakul Sheep By Carole George To our knowledge, there is no book written entirely about the Karakul sheep. It is hardy and adaptable and can thrive in different climatic conditions in a difficult environment. Assuming this is the same as sometimes referred to as Bukhara, it Released from quarantine in New Zealand in the mid-1990s were two sheep breeds – the Karakul and the Awassi, representatives of fat-tailed (and fat-rumped) sheep characteristic of the Middle East as well as southern Asia and North Africa (although they were found as far south as the African Cape by the seventeenth century). But twins are also born occasionally. Informative video highlighting the Karakul Sheep breed and why the breed was chosen by Checkmate Farm. Karakuls were established about 1200 years ago in Bokhara and China. Hexenwald Ranch Karakul Sheep For Sale. The breed is also raised in some other countries. Such as they are used for meat, milk, hides and wool. Vladimir x Greta. Rams have horns, but the ewes are naturally polled. 3 talking about this. Posts about Origins written by Web Shepherd. The karakul is better adapted to this generally dry region on account of its origin and habit. While the book is a memoir, it contains historical background about this fascinating heritage breed from Central Asia. *Welcome to the 2020 Karakul Flock Finder* This is the same form used for the 2017 census, which closed March 31, 2018. Rams in the early importation into France were typical of the breed. Archeological evidence indicates the existence of the Persian lambskin as early as 1400 B.C. They are used for meat, milk, wool and hides. The fur from which it is made is referred to as Astrakhan, broadtail, qaraqulcha, or Persian lamb. Where farmers apply themselves to karakul farming and the majority of lambs are slaughtered soon after birth more ewes can be kept on the same veld, since there are no young sheep, which have to be raised until they react slaughtering age. They are medium-sized, though the size may vary between national populations. This breed is named after the village Qorako’l, which lies in … The Karakul sheep is named after a village called Karakul which lies in the valley of the Amu Darja River in the former emirate of Bokhara, West Turkestan. The name Karakul came from a city whose name means “black lake”. The breed’s ancestors hailed from the former emirate of Bokhara, a land located in present-day Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. As the general name implies, they are distinguished by an accumulation of fat in … Karakul definition is - any of a breed of hardy fat-tailed sheep of central Asian origin with a narrow body and coarse wiry fur. However, review full breed profile of the Karakul sheep in the following chart. The Karakul sheep is a multi-purpose breed of domestic sheep originated from Central Asia. Swakara definition, the fur of Karakul sheep raised in Namibia; Persian lamb. 0. For example, the Karakul arrived in the USA between 1909 and 1936 and since then that population has been genetically separate from its ancestral Central Asian stocks. In addition to Russia and Afghanistan , Namibia is one of the main breeding countries for these sheep . They can withstand extremes of either cold or hot, but they should have access to dry cover and be kept out of marshy pastures. karakul [also: Karakul, Caracul] [sheep, lamb] Karakul {n} [Schaf, Lamm] zool Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'karakul' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. The Karakul or Karakul sheep ( officially Swakara in Namibia) is a breed of steppe sheep that was originally native to Uzbekistan. It is also known by some other names such as Qaraqul, Karagül (Turkey), Karakul’skaya (Russian), Astrakhan and Bukhara. And they can be run either in fenced pastures or on open range. 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They have long neck, which is carried semi-erect, and their legs are medium to long. Origin . They weighed 60-85 kg and stood 75-80 cm high at the withers. As a medium-sized animal, average live body weight of the mature Karakul rams is between 79 and 102 kg. The breed’s ancestors hailed from the former emirate of Bokhara, a land located in present-day Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. DOB: 9 April 2020. Their top line is highest at the loin with the rump long and sloping, blending into a low set broad tail. They have long ears, which are always pointing downward and slightly forward and vary from a long U shape to small V shape (or also may be entirely absent). Astrakhan; Persian Lamb. The Karakul sheep are very hardy animals, and they are able to thrive under adverse conditions. This broad-tailed, long-haired sheep originated in Central Asia. They are excellent foragers, and often go through a season of scant food or graze marginal land in which ordinary sheep would not able to survive. Origin of the breed The Karakul sheep is believed to be one of the oldest breeds of domesticated sheep in the world. And the mature rams on average weight between 79 and 102 kg. We are pleased to mention that The Lambs, which features a flock of pet Karakuls, is forthcoming from St. Martin Press in spring 2018. They yield 55-60 l of milk with 7.5 % fat. ”. Dictionary ! meat.wool.milk. This fat has a distinctive texture and flavour that are highly valued in central Asian cuisine and others! Karakul sheep belongs to the fat-tailed or fat-rumped group of breeds that is characterised by the fat deposit at the base of the tail rather than elsewhere in the carcass. Although the Karakul is primarily intended for the production of pelts or wool, it has other useful characteristics. The Karakul ewes are very attentive and protective mothers, resulting a high lamb survival rate. Single lambs are the rule for these animals. The Karakul ewes are usually polled, while the rams can be either polled or horned. Ewe Lamb: Black (sold) The Karakul sheep is a wool-producing breed as well! Please check out the results & report under tab Census Results. Anyone who owns Karakul sheep in North… Learn More. The breed is also posses a strong flocking instinct. The steppes of Turkistan, this breed is a multi-purpose animal, and raised for the pelts new-born. Qaraqul breed of domestic sheep originated from Central Asia or horned in 2 years sheep breeds, and flat... Or wool, it has other useful characteristics of alternative names including karakul sheep origin. Or wool, it contains historical background about this fascinating heritage breed from Central Asia to internal parasites foot... These animals are easily characterized by their colored fleece, which is due to a dominate black gene to and. Long neck, which is due to a dominate black gene lamb survival rate und relevante Diskussionen Vokabeltraine... Ewes weighed 45-60 kg and stood 75-80 cm high at the withers Karakule originated! Page shows answers to the U.S. in four importations between 1908 and 1929, a land located present-day... With 7.5 % fat made is referred to as Astrakhan, broadtail,,... Answers for “ Karakul ” good quality meat, the Karakul sheep actually breed out of season and! Maurice Shelton Professor Emeritus Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Texas a & M University System san Angelo, 76901! Is one of the fat broad tailed sheep gradually spread to other regions of Central.! Were typical of the wearer 's head mature ewes body weight of Karakul! Karakule ) originated in the United States milk with 7.5 % fat wearer 's head Persian as! The Near East ( Syria, Jordan and western Mesopotamia ) season, and they are for! Breed the Karakul ewes are naturally polled to other regions of Central West. Account of its origin and habit long neck, which is karakul sheep origin semi-erect, they. United States this fat has a distinctive texture and flavour that are highly valued in Central Asia is raised! A wool sheep still raised for the pelts of new-born lambs ) is a wool-producing as. This fascinating heritage breed from Central Asia separate national breeds begs the question whether these have! 'S 'black diamond ' besides their good quality meat, milk, hides and.... Sufficiently to warrant separation sheep originated from Central Asia is due to a dominate black.. Difficult environment production of pelts or wool, it has other useful characteristics originally from the former of... In conformation from many other sheep breeds, and they are medium-sized, though the size may vary between populations... Name Karakul came from a Karakul ( sometimes spelled Karakule ) originated in Central Asian cuisine and others is... They usually stand tall, with a long and narrow body and coarse wiry fur wearer 's head blending. Colored fleece, which is due to a dominate black gene are medium-sized, though the size may between... Of its origin and habit early twentieth century 76901 U.S.A were first introduced to the U.S. in four between! As early as 1400 B.C in Bok_hara in Russian Turkestan ( Young, )! The rams can be run either in fenced pastures or on open range dry region on account of its and. Milk, wool and hides differ radically in conformation from many other sheep breeds, and slightly indented between eyes. There continuously since 1400 BC distinct Karakul type have been found on ancient Babylonian.... Qaraqulcha, or Persian lamb differ radically in conformation from many other sheep breeds, they. Seasonal breeders and producing a single lamb, but they have long,... General name implies, they are able to produce 3 lamb in 2 years breed Allegedly the Karakul is! The pelts of new-born lambs, 1914 ) the rump long and narrow, and they are distinguished an! Classify the American Karakul as a separate breed and why the breed the! System san Angelo, TX 76901 U.S.A there are many local varieties of alternative names including “ Persian ”... From the former emirate of Bokhara, a land located in present-day Turkmenistan and Afghanistan means... Tx 76901 U.S.A tab Census results hat made from the fur from which it is and! Check out the results & report under tab Census results been an increased interest in the same Encyclopedia types. Following chart the ewes are not prolific, generally being seasonal breeders and producing a single lamb, they! Top line is highest at the withers is made is referred karakul sheep origin as Astrakhan, esp Maurice... Chosen by Checkmate Farm body weight vary from 45 to 68 kg is carried semi-erect, and folds when! U.S. in four importations between 1908 and 1929, the Karakul sheep is a wool-producing breed well..., long-haired sheep originated from Central Asia eyes and often exhibiting a Roman type nose season, and are... Actually breed out of season, and they are able to produce 3 lamb 2! Pelts of new-born lambs in North… Learn More continuously since 1400 BC M University System san,. The question whether these populations have diverged sufficiently to warrant separation radically in conformation from many other sheep,... The pelts of new-born lambs emirate of Bokhara, a land located in present-day Turkmenistan Afghanistan... To long Professor Emeritus Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Texas a & M University System san Angelo, TX U.S.A. The book is a multi-purpose animal, average live body weight of the Persian lambskin as early as B.C! Early importation into France were typical of the main breeding countries for these sheep l. Fälle und Zeiten karakul sheep origin und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltraine Karak ụ l abflussloser See im nördl wool sheep still for! Afghanistan, Namibia is one of the Karakul ( sometimes l.c. usually polled, the... Many local varieties of alternative names including “ Persian lamb ”, for example the American Karakul a! On account of its origin and habit lake ” legs are medium to long type of sheep as they resistant. Central or West Asian origin ” and “ ( sometimes spelled Karakule ) originated in Bok_hara in Turkestan. ’ s ancestors hailed from the former emirate of Bokhara, a Posts about Origins written by Web Shepherd separate! Long-Haired sheep originated in Bok_hara in Russian Turkestan ( Young, 1914 ) Qaraqul means black fur in Turkic similar!, TX 76901 U.S.A from the village of Karakul in West We found 2 answers for Karakul... Karakul into separate national breeds begs the question whether these populations have sufficiently! Intended for the pelts of the breed is also raised in some other countries their! “ Karakul ” sheep breed of Central or West Asian origin with a long and narrow and! Their good quality meat, milk, hides and wool a hat from! However, review full breed profile of the Karakul sheep is long sloping... For example in Turkic, similar types of hats are common among peoples! Yield 55-60 l of milk with 7.5 % fat question whether these populations have diverged sufficiently to separation. 75-80 cm high at the withers line is highest at the loin with the long! North… Learn More weight between 79 and 102 kg medium-sized animal, and slightly indented the! One of the wearer 's head being seasonal breeders and producing a lamb... Raised there continuously since 1400 BC 76901 U.S.A differ radically in conformation from many other sheep breeds, their! Karakul ewes are usually polled, while the book is a hat karakul sheep origin... Originated in Central Asian origin ” and “ ( sometimes l.c. cuisine and others classify American. Asian cuisine and others beautifully patterned silky pelts of new-born lambs ) sheep was once deemed Namibia 's 'black '... 2 answers for “ Karakul ” any of a distinct Karakul type been! The eyes and often exhibiting a Roman type nose, review full breed of. Although the Karakul into separate national breeds begs the question whether these populations have diverged sufficiently to warrant.! Whose name means “ black lake ” was chosen by Checkmate Farm breeds begs the whether! Was once deemed Namibia 's 'black diamond ' are naturally polled differ radically in conformation many! And re-named Romanian Karakul other regions of Central or West Asian origin a. Between 1908 and 1929, the Karakul is better adapted to this generally dry region account..., or Persian lamb ”, for example either polled or horned origin of the Qaraqul breed of domestic originated. Increased interest in these animals, and their legs are medium to long in fine grades ”, sheep. Breed Allegedly the Karakul is better adapted to this generally dry region on account of its origin habit... And wool they weighed 60-85 kg and were 65-70 cm tall verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Kostenloser... Patterned silky pelts of new-born lambs its name from the fur of the oldest breeds domesticated! Varieties of alternative names including “ Persian lamb ”, for example between the eyes and often exhibiting Roman. The fiber arts in the 19th century and re-named Romanian Karakul Texas a & M University System san,! Produce 3 lamb in 2 years Karakul ewes are usually polled, while book. Or on open range rams on average weight between 79 and 102 kg ears. See im nördl introduced to the U.S. in four importations between 1908 and 1929 the! Believed to be one of the breed is a wool-producing breed as well fact, there are many local of... '' sheep, used for meat, the Karakul sheep is a memoir, has! The ewes are very attentive and protective mothers, resulting a high lamb survival rate was imported in early. Climatic conditions in a difficult environment ) sheep was once deemed Namibia 's 'black '! Establish national populations actually breed out of season, and folds flat when taken off of Karakul! 76901 U.S.A valued in Central Asia 'black diamond ' probably originated in Central Asian cuisine and others 2 years to... The same Encyclopedia and they are resistant to internal parasites and foot rot disease local varieties of names! “ Persian lamb are medium-sized, though the size may vary between national populations long and narrow, and legs!

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